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You Are Here: Home » A Top 10 News » Top 10 Frightening Prehistoric Sea Monsters

1. Giant Stingray

What grew 17 feet across, had a 10 inch poison spike in its tail and was physically powerful enough to drag a boat filled with people? In this case, a prehistoric super-fish that is still lurking around in fresh and brackish waters from the Mekong River to northern Australia. Stingrays have been around since a few million years after the dinosaur died out, and have proven to be a winning design, much like the sharks they descend from.

The giant stingrays use that tried and true ancient design, but have somehow managed to survive ice ages and even the disastrous Toba event. They were featured on Animal Planet’s River Monsters, and despite the host’s tendency to exaggerate damn near everything, they are incredibly dangerous to fool around with, even if you do not know you are fooling around with one. They are notorious for putting their neurotoxin covered spike completely through limbs. I guess, on the plus side, if there is one, at least they won’t try to eat you.


2. Livyatan melvillei

Remember me mentioning “hypercarnivorous” whales? Well here it is. Imagine a cross between an orca and a sperm whale. Livyatan melvillei was a whale that ate other whales. It had the main teeth of any animal to ever use their teeth to eat topping out at 1.18 feet. They lived in the same oceans and ate the same food as the Megalodon, so this whale in fact had to compete with the largest predatory shark ever.

Not to talk about their head was 10 feet long and feature the same echo-locating equipment as modern toothed whales, making them much more effective in dark water. In case it was not obvious, this beast was named after the monster, a giant sea monster from the bible, and Herman Melville, who wrote Moby Dick. If the great white whale had been one of these, it would have eaten the Pequot and everyone aboard as a snack.


3. Helicoprion

These sharks grew to be about 15 feet long, and had a lower jaw that was made of a “tooth whorl”. It looks like a cross between a round saw and a shark, and when you mix apex predators with power tools, the world quakes in fear.

Helicoprion’s teeth were jagged, implying that they were absolutely carnivores, but there is some debate as to whether their teeth were in the front of the mouth, as shown in the picture, or if they were farther back, which would propose a softer diet, like jellyfish. However it was set, it clearly worked; Helicoprion survived the Permian Triassic extinction, which means they may have been smart enough to create bomb shelters. Or maybe they just lived in the deep sea.


4. Kronosaurus

Kronosaurus is another short-necked pliosaur , and like Liopleurodon, its overall distance end to end has been contested. It was a “mere” 30 feet long and the best teeth in its huge mouth were up to 11 inches long. This is why it was named after Cronus, the king of the old Greek Titans.

Guess where it lived? If you guessed “Australia”, then you have been paying notice to life. The head was up to 9 feet long. They could eat an entire modern man whole, and still have room left over for half of another. It has also been optional that since their flippers is so similar in design to those of modern sea turtles, that they may have crawled out onto land to lay eggs. You can be sure no one was digging up these thing’s nests to get at the eggs.


5. Dunkleosteus

Dunkleosteus was a 30 foot long carnivorous tank. It was outlast by sharks, but I am sure that is small consolation for the variety of creature this beast ate. Instead of teeth, it had bony ridges, like a turtle. It has been intended that they had a bite force of 8,000 pounds per square inch, putting it on par with crocodiles and T-Rex in terms of being history’s strongest biters. They also believe, based on the evidence in the skull concerning its musculature, that it could have open its mouth in one fiftieth of a second, meaning it vacuumed food into its guillotine of a mouth.

The plates that made up the “teeth” changed as the fish aged from a solid, rigid jaw to segment that allowable it to hold prey easier, and made it more effectual in biting from side to side the bony plate armor of other armored fish. In the arms race that was the prehistoric ocean, Dunleosteus was a predatory super tank.


6. Mauisaurus

Mauisaurus was named after the Maori god Maui, who pulls the islands of New Zealand up from the sea floor with a fish hook, so already you know this thing is going to be enormous. The neck of Mauisaurus measured up to 49 feet long; the longest balanced neck of any living thing aside from some sauropod dinosaurs. Their overall length was about 66 feet, and that ludicrously long neck had plenty of vertebrae, implying that it was supple. Imagine a snake strung through a sea turtle with no shell, and you have an estimated idea of what this thing looked like.

It lived back in the Cretaceous era, meaning that creature that jump in the water avoid Velociraptors and Tyrannosaurs had to contend with these; the jury is out on which is worse. As far as science can tell, Mauisaurus was limited to the New Zealand area, presentation that the area that would one day become Australia and its neighbors was always a land of terror.


7. Jaekelopterus rhenaniae

Nothing about the words “sea scorpion” is comforting to begin with, so this should not come off as too awful: this was one of the two major arthropods to have ever lived, reaching a length of over 8 feet of armored, claw horror. Most of us freak out at the thought of inch-long ants and foot wide spiders, so it’s easy to imagine loud like a little girl if you ever stumble across a living one of these.

On the plus side, sea scorpions have been died out since before the dinosaurs, having been wiped out in the Permian Triassic extinction event and are only survived, to some degree, by mascot crabs, which are even less alarming than regular crabs. There is no evidence that any sea scorpions were actually venomous, but the arrangement of their tail is similar to a modern scorpion’s, so it might have been.


8. Basilosaurus

Despite the name and appearance, that is not a reptile, but actually a whale Basilosaurs were predatory ancestors of modern whales, and could be 50 to 85 feet long! It is explain as being the closest a whale has ever come to being a snake because of how long and sinuous it was. Imagine swimming in the ocean with an 80+ foot long alligator-snake-whale. Now imagine being frightened to even take a bath ever again.

Physical evidence suggests that basilosaurus did not have the cognitive ability of modern whales, or the ability to echolocate, and could only navigate in 2 dimensions. So at least this monster whale was dumber than a bag of prehistoric hammer and could not chase you if you dove or knotted out on dry land, probably forever.


9. Liopleurodon

If Jurassic Park had an aquarium scene, and actually feature more animals from the Jurassic period, liopleurodon probably would have been in it. Though the actual length of these beasts is contested most agree that it was around 20 feet in length, with a full fifth of that being pointy-toothed head. When the mouth of the “smaller” approximation is still plenty large to eat you whole, I think that is perfectly huge enough.

Scientists have tested the paddle design of this creature on small swim robots and found that although they would not have been very fast, they were incredibly agile. They also would have been able to make short, fast burst attack like crocodiles, which in no way makes them any less threatening.


10. Megalodon

Megalodon is probably the best-known creature in the list; it’s hard to keep the idea of a shark the size of a school bus out of pop civilization. Plus, science-minded activity sources like the detection Channel love creatures that could pass for a movie monster. Despite the well-liked idea that Megalodon coexisted with dinosaurs, they lived from 25 to 1.5 million years ago, sense that at best they miss the last dinosaur by 40 million years. On the other hand, this meant they might have still been around for the first humans. Eek.

Megalodons swam the warm oceans that were around until the last ice age in the early Pleistocene, which may have robbed them of their propagation grounds and food. Sometimes, it seems nature has our back.


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