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Alcohol is a psychoactive drug and a depressant. This means that alcohol affect your central anxious system. Although alcohol is a depressant, it has some stimulant effects which will be explained later. Alcohol is a beverage that has been around for many centuries. It is drunk in nearly all countries world-wide in modern times. In Europe, the Czech Republic clearly consumes the highest amount of alcohol, overwhelming 15 liters per capita per year, according to the World Health Organization. Many people have knowledge of alcohol to a certain extent; however, there are a lot of effects which aren’t known.

Alcohol as a stimulant

Increased arousal, energy and confidence. People, who are recognizable with drinking alcohol, should also be familiar with these effects of alcohol. These effects are caused by greater than before blood sugar levels from the alcohol. In addition, alcohol obstructs the part of the brain that is accountable for inhibition.

The stimulating effects of alcohol typically occur between a BAC (Blood Alcohol Concentration) of 0.01% up to 0.08%. In an average drink, the BAC usually increases by about 0.01-0.03%. Therefore after 3 standard drinks, the stimulant effects are overrule by the depressant effects.

A depressant

Alcohol is a common depressant as stated earlier. As you pass around 0.7% in your BAC, the depressing effects of alcohol appear. These are not as well valued by most people as the stimulating effects. The more alcoholic beverages you drink, the more the miserable and dangerous effects arise.

Some of the short-term effects of alcohol are:

O Weakened judgment

O Slurred speech

O Impaired coordination

O Poor reflexes

O Nausea

O Vomiting

O Headaches

O Uneven vision

O Inability to walk

O Fatigue

O Loss of memory

O Loss of bladder control

O Loss of consciousness

O Increased aggressiveness

O Increased thirst due to loss of fluids

O Coma

O Death

The short-term effects of alcohol are indeed threatening. Most of the effects listed above are only present when large amounts of alcohol have been consumed. That is more than 4 standard alcoholic drinks, resulting in a BAC of 0.1% and above. Hangovers are usually the successive results of consuming hefty amounts of alcohol. Hangovers involve several symptoms; headaches, nausea, fatigue, vomiting and increased thirst.

The long-term effects include:

O Liver damage

O Heart damage

O Stroke

O High blood pressure

O Insomnia

O Decreased fertility

O Memory problems

O Increased chance of developing breast cancer

O Alcoholism (addiction)

O Weight gain

The long-term effects of alcohol are clearly life intimidating. There are an estimated 3000 deaths per year in Australia. Most of these are because of drunk driving and other accident coming about due to the power of alcohol. Alcohol has also been shown to cause problems with relationships, work and legal situations.

Be careful when drinking alcohol

Alcohol is a psychoactive drug with both refreshment and depressant characteristics. However, the stimulant effects are short and can quickly be overruled by the depressant effects by drinking a standard alcoholic drink. Alcohol is very dangerous when inspired in large quantities, both physically, mentally and socially. It is possible to build broadmindedness to alcohol, although thought of being a positive thing, it in fact lessens the stimulant effects and lowers the BAC required to knowledge the depressant effects. It also makes drinking alcohol more costly.

1 Comment

  1. Magnea says:

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